We use the 3-layer analysis framework as the basis for intelligence preparation. Additional PIRs are added as needed. This is a modified version of the PMESII-PT / ASCOPE framework.

EMPSIPI | 1st Level Analysis

Taxes, production, logistics, business, banking, federal control, government intervention into the economy, subsidies, foreign investment and other factors as required. 

Military assets, troop strength, readiness, morale, capabilities, skirmishes, battles, war, exercises, bases, training areas, no-fly zones, defense zones, identification zones.

Political parties, policies, law, boundaries, counties, states, districts, government departments, government agencies, controversies and political movements, demographics, population, suppression, oppression. 

Social groups, churches, organizations, bars, social clubs, holidays, traditions, weddings, funerals, religious events, crime. 

Media, radio, TV, websites, gossip, bulletin boards, advertising, magazines, government, information sources.

Physical Environment
Terrain, natural disasters, disease, weather and climate. 

Security, fire, rescue, medical, food, power, water, sewage, phone, internet, roads, walls, dams, drainage, canals, water treatment, supply chains, shipping, freight, airports, ports, digital infrastructure, cyberattacks.

ASPOA |2nd Level Analysis

Boundaries, zones, AO, AoI, AI, economic development areas, trade zones, cities, towns, unincorporated areas, villages, markets, parks, forests, hydrology, land use, and other areas. Attribute if possible.

Structures and Formations
Any type of building, man-made or natural structure or notable formation. Mountain peaks, rocks, buildings, cell towers, substations, etc.

Individuals, leaders, politicians, landlords, investors, influencers, powerbrokers, and other notable figures both current and historical. 

Groups, companies, organizations, ethnic groups, social networks, tribes, clans, families, racial groups, citizens, political parties, agencies, departments, non-profits, NGOs.

Crime, holidays, elections, council meetings, training, exercises, campaigns, protests, harvests, projects, construction, notable actions. Attribute if possible


SASWOT | 3rd Level Analysis

How big is it? How many people? How much equipment? How much?

Are they an ally, an enemy, neutral or unknown. How are they aligned with other organizations? How confident are we in this disposition?

Internal strengths. What is done well?

What is done poorly? What are the internal faults?

What opportunities do we have to influence this or control this?

What is the potential for harm, injury or damage?